Marine Fungi Select and Transport Aerobic and Anaerobic Bacterial Populations from Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon-Contaminated Sediments - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour Access content directly
Journal Articles mBio Year : 2023

Marine Fungi Select and Transport Aerobic and Anaerobic Bacterial Populations from Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon-Contaminated Sediments

Abstract

The organization of microbial communities in marine sediment relies on complex biotic and abiotic interactions. Among them, the interaction between fungi and bacteria plays a crucial role building specific microbial assemblages, resulting in metabolic networks adapted to environmental conditions. The fungal-bacterial interaction (FBI) includes bacterial translocation via fungal mycelia, allowing bacterial dispersion, and ecological niche colonization. In order to demonstrate that the translocation of bacteria through fungal mycelia involves bacterial selection, the mycelia of two fungi isolated from marine coastal sediment, Alternaria destruens F10.81 and Fusarium pseudonygamai F5.76, showing different strategies for uptake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), homogenous internalization and vacuole forming respectively, were used to translocate bacteria through hydrophobic hydrocarbon contaminated sediments. A. destruens F10.81 selected four specific bacteria, while bacterial selection by F. pseudonygamai F5.76 was not evident. Among the bacteria selected by A. destruens F10.81, Spirochaeta litoralis, known as strictly anaerobic bacterium, was identified, indicating that A. destruens F10.81 selects and transports both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Such a result is consistent with the observed formation of anoxic microniches in areas surrounding and affected by fungal hyphae. Our findings provide new insights on the selection and dispersion of bacterial communities by fungi, which are crucial for the organization of microbial communities and their functioning in coastal PAH-contaminated sediments.
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Dates and versions

hal-04096636 , version 1 (13-05-2023)

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Joyce Álvarez-Barragán, Cristiana Cravo-Laureau, Bijing Xiong, Lukas Y Wick, Robert Duran. Marine Fungi Select and Transport Aerobic and Anaerobic Bacterial Populations from Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon-Contaminated Sediments. mBio, 2023, 14 (2), ⟨10.1128/mbio.02761-22⟩. ⟨hal-04096636⟩
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