Mechanism of Pd/Senphos-Catalyzed trans-Hydroboration of 1,3-Enynes: Experimental and Computational Evidence in Support of the Unusual Outer-Sphere Oxidative Addition Pathway - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Organic Chemistry Year : 2023

Mechanism of Pd/Senphos-Catalyzed trans-Hydroboration of 1,3-Enynes: Experimental and Computational Evidence in Support of the Unusual Outer-Sphere Oxidative Addition Pathway

Abstract

The reaction mechanism of the Pd/Senphos-catalyzed trans-hydroboration reaction of 1,3enynes was investigated using various experimental techniques, including deuterium and double cross-over labeling experiments, X-ray crystallographic characterization of model reaction intermediates, and reaction progress kinetic analysis. Our experimental data are in support of an unusual outer-sphere oxidative addition mechanism where the catecholborane serves as a suitable electrophile to activate the Pd 0-bound 1,3-enyne substrate to form a Pd-h 3-p-allyl species, which has been determined to be the likely resting state of the catalytic cycle. Double cross-over labeling of the catecholborane points toward a second role played by the borane as a hydride delivery shuttle. DFT calculations reveal that the rate-limiting transition state of the reaction is the hydride abstraction by the catecholborane shuttle, which is consistent with the experimentally determined rate law: rate = k [enyne] 0 [borane] 1 [catalyst] 1. The computed activation free energy DG ‡ = 17.7 kcal/mol and KIE (kH/kD = 1.3) are also in line with experimental observations. Overall, this work experimentally establishes Lewis acids such as catecholborane as viable electrophilic activators to engage in an outer-sphere oxidative addition reaction and points towards this underutilized mechanism as a general approach to activate unsaturated substrates.
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hal-04007557 , version 1 (28-02-2023)

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Yuanzhe Zhang, Ziyong Wang, Walid Lamine, Senmiao Xu, Bo Li, et al.. Mechanism of Pd/Senphos-Catalyzed trans-Hydroboration of 1,3-Enynes: Experimental and Computational Evidence in Support of the Unusual Outer-Sphere Oxidative Addition Pathway. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 2023, 88 (4), pp.2415-2424. ⟨10.1021/acs.joc.2c02841⟩. ⟨hal-04007557⟩
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