Fire spalling sensitivity of concrete made with recycled concrete aggregates (RCA) - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour Access content directly
Proceedings Acta Polytechnica CTU Proceedings Year : 2022

Fire spalling sensitivity of concrete made with recycled concrete aggregates (RCA)

Abstract

The fire spalling of concrete is a complex phenomenon, which can affect the integrity of the structures during a fire. This thermal instability is associated with a complex coupled chemo-thermo-hydro-mechanical mechanism and it can be influenced by many factors, related to material (e.g. per- meability, porosity and water content), geometry (e.g. shape and size) and environmental parameters (e.g. mechanical load and heating rate). Concrete made with recycled concrete aggregates presents higher porosity, higher water content and different interfaces between aggregates and mortar. All these aspects can lead to a different behaviour under fire exposure, including the spalling risk of these sustainable concretes. The main objective of this paper is to analyse the influence of the use of recycled concrete aggregates on the spalling risk of concrete. In this paper, concrete prisms with different replacement rates of recycled coarse aggregates (0 up to 100%) were exposed to a standard fire curve (ISO 834-1) with a constant uniaxial compression load. After heating, samples surfaces were evaluated by means of digital photogrammetry. Results showed that concrete with RCA is sensitive to explosive spalling. All replacement rates presented higher degree of spalling than concrete made with natural aggregates.
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Dates and versions

hal-04004386 , version 1 (24-02-2023)

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Bruno Fernandes, Hélène Carré, Jean-Christophe Mindeguia, Céline Perlot-Bascoules, Christian La Borderie. Fire spalling sensitivity of concrete made with recycled concrete aggregates (RCA). Acta Polytechnica CTU Proceedings, 33, pp.168-174, 2022, ⟨10.14311/APP.2022.33.0168⟩. ⟨hal-04004386⟩
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