Influence of oxygen, UV light and reactive dissolved organic matter on the photodemethylation and photoreduction of monomethylmercury in model freshwater - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour Access content directly
Journal Articles Chemosphere Year : 2023

Influence of oxygen, UV light and reactive dissolved organic matter on the photodemethylation and photoreduction of monomethylmercury in model freshwater

Abstract

The key factors which affect the abiotic photodemethylation process of monomethylmercury (MMHg) in the freshwaters has remained unclear. Hence, this work aimed to better elucidate the abiotic photodemethylation pathway in a model freshwater. Anoxic and oxic conditions were implemented to investigate the simultaneous photodemethylation to Hg(II) and photoreduction to Hg(0). MMHg freshwater solution was irradiated through exposure to three wavelength ranges of full light (280–800 nm), without short UVB (305–800 nm), and visible light (400–800 nm). The kinetic experiments were performed following dissolved and gaseous Hg species concentrations (i.e., MMHg, iHg(II), Hg(0)). A comparison between two methods of post-irradiation purging and continuous-irradiation purging confirmed MMHg photodecomposition to Hg(0) is mainly induced by a first photodemethylation step to iHg(II) followed by a photoreduction step to Hg(0). Photodemethylation under full light extent normalized to absorbed radiation energy showed a higher rate constant in anoxic conditions at 18.0 ± 2.2 kJ−1 compared to oxic conditions at 4.5 ± 0.4 kJ−1. Moreover, photoreduction also increased up to four-fold under anoxic conditions. Normalized and wavelength-specific photodemethylation (Kpd) and photoreduction (Kpr) rate constants were also calculated for natural sunlight conditions to evaluate the role of each wavelength range. The relative ratio in wavelength-specific KPAR: Klong UVB+ UVA: K short UVB showed higher dependence on UV light for photoreduction at least ten-fold compared to photodemethylation, regardless of redox conditions. Both results using Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) scavenging methods and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) measurements revealed the occurrence and production of low molecular weight (LMW) organic compounds that are as photoreactive intermediates responsible for MMHg photodemethylation and iHg(II) photoreduction in the dominant pathway. This study also supports the role of dissolved oxygen as an inhibitor for the photodemethylation pathways driven by LMW photosensitizers.
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Dates and versions

hal-04096644 , version 1 (09-10-2023)

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Elaheh Lotfi-Kalahroodi, Mickael Le Béchec, Emmanuel Tessier, Thierry Pigot, David Amouroux. Influence of oxygen, UV light and reactive dissolved organic matter on the photodemethylation and photoreduction of monomethylmercury in model freshwater. Chemosphere, 2023, 330, pp.138675. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.138675⟩. ⟨hal-04096644⟩
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